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A Bayesian approach to PET reconstruction using image-modeling Gibbs priors: implementation and comparison

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3 Author(s)
Chan, M.T. ; Signal & Image Process. Inst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Herman, G.T. ; Levitan, E.

The authors demonstrate that (i) classical methods of image reconstruction from projections can be improved upon by considering the output of such a method as a distorted version of the original image and applying a Bayesian approach to estimate from it the original image (based on a model of distortion and on a Gibbs distribution as the prior) and (ii) by selecting an “image-modeling” prior distribution (i.e., one which is such that it is likely that a random sample from it shares important characteristics of the images of the application area) one can improve over another Gibbs prior formulated using only pairwise interactions. The authors illustrate their approach using simulated Positron Emission Tomography (PET) data from realistic brain phantoms. Since algorithm performance ultimately depends on the diagnostic task being performed. The authors examine a number of different medically relevant figures of merit to give a fair comparison. Based on a training-and-testing evaluation strategy, the authors demonstrate that statistically significant improvements can be obtained using the proposed approach

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium, 1996. Conference Record., 1996 IEEE  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

2-9 Nov 1996