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Comparing lesion detection performance for PET image reconstruction algorithms: A case study

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6 Author(s)
Chan, M.T. ; Signal & Image Process. Inst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Leahy, R.M. ; Mumcuoglu, E.U. ; Cherry, S.R.
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We present a comparison of the performance of filtered backprojection (FBP) and maximum a posteriori (MAP) reconstruction of PET images for the task of hot lesion detection. The comparison is performed on data generated by combining FDG chest scans of normal patients (i.e., without lesions) with psuedo-Poisson “lesion” data generated from appropriately scaled sinograms collected using a separately scanned 1.25 cm3 spherical source. Scaling factors were used to achieve approximately 3:1 lesion-to-background ratios. A total of 60 “abnormal” cases were generated from their normal counterparts. A 3D non-prewhitening (NPW) observer model based on a matched filter was used to test for the presence of the lesion in the vicinity of the known lesion location. ROC curves were generated for several choices of cut-off frequency for ramp-filtered FBP and the smoothing parameter for the MAP reconstructions. The NPW detector was matched to the algorithm and smoothing parameter in each case. Choosing the optimal operating point as the maximum area under the curve (AUC) for each method resulted in an AUC=0.86 for MAP and an AUC=0.75 for FBP indicating superior detection performance for MAP over FBP when using the NPW matched filter

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium, 1996. Conference Record., 1996 IEEE  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

2-9 Nov 1996