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The aperture of 360° gives circular synthetic aperture radar (SAR) (CSAR) the capability to detect hidden target when its orientation is unknown. Subwavelength resolution can also be achieved when the target in the spotted area is observed under a complete circular aperture. Furthermore, the aspect angle diversity inherent to the circular trajectory makes possible a 3-D target reconstruction. However, the latter two potentials require certain target reflectivity homogeneity. For a highly directive scatterer, it has no resolving ability in the direction normal to the data collection plane. In this letter, a new interferometric CSAR method is presented to enhance the tomographic imaging capability for highly directive scatterers without sacrificing other scatterers' resolutions. This method takes advantage of the coherence and the phase difference between a pair of 3-D SAR images formed from data collected at two separate circular apertures to eliminate targets that focused at a wrong elevation. In addition, it uses two different transmit frequencies to solve the problem of phase cycle ambiguities. Finally, simulation results validate this new approach.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2011