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This study considers a distribution system with a number of dispersed generation (DG) units interconnected to the AC grid through power electronic interfaces. Some selected DG units were able to provide energy service and system ancillary services (in particular, voltage regulation and partial compensation or elimination of some power quality disturbances, such as waveform distortions and voltage unbalances) through a proper centralised control system that provides the reference signals to the converters of the DG units in real time. In addition, the problem of time delays owing to data acquisition and digital signal processing for reference signal calculations and the effects of these delays on compensation actions were studied. Several time-domain simulations of an actual distribution system are reported, taking into account different DG units and time-delay scenarios.
Date of Publication: July 2011