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Evaluation of large volume SrI2(Eu) scintillator detectors

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12 Author(s)
Sturm, B.W. ; Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., Livermore, CA, USA ; Cherepy, N.J. ; Drury, O.B. ; Thelin, P.A.
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There is an ever increasing demand for gamma-ray detectors which can achieve good energy resolution, high detection efficiency, and room-temperature operation. We are working to address each of these requirements through the development of large volume SrI2(Eu) scintillator detectors. In this work, we have evaluated a variety of SrI2 crystals with volumes >;10 cm3. The goal of this research was to examine the causes of energy resolution degradation for larger detectors and to determine what can be done to mitigate these effects. Testing both packaged and unpackaged detectors, we have consistently achieved better resolution with the packaged detectors. Using a collimated gamma-ray source, it was determined that better energy resolution for the packaged detectors is correlated with better light collection uniformity. A number of packaged detectors were fabricated and tested and the best spectroscopic performance was achieved for a 3% Eu doped crystal with an energy resolution of 2.93% FWHM at 662keV. Simulations of SrI2(Eu) crystals were also performed to better understand the light transport physics in scintillators and are reported. This study has important implications for the development of SrI2(Eu) detectors for national security purposes.

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2010 IEEE

Date of Conference:

Oct. 30 2010-Nov. 6 2010