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Nowadays, with rapid popularization and development of the Internet, Semantic web plays a more important role in the design of information system. But in the construction of teaching resource library, there seldom involve in this technology. So this paper proposes a design and development framework for teaching resource library system that uses semantic web technology. The use of semantic web can more effectively support the construction of resource library. It can also support teachers and students to conveniently share and reuse course knowledge via Internet or Intranet in e-learning. This paper performs the following tasks: (1) introduction semantic web, ontology technology and teaching resources; (2) demonstration an example of resource ontology; (3) discussion representation method of resource ontology; (4) presentation of a framework for teaching resource library based on ontology and implementation of a simple prototype system; (5) conclusion and expectation of the further work.