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The past decade has witnessed a phenomenal market penetration of wireless communications and a steady increase in the number of mobile users. Unlike wired networks, where communication links are inherently stable, in wireless networks, the lifetime of a link is a random variable whose probability distribution depends on mobility, transmission range, and various impairments of radio communications. Because of the very dynamic nature of Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs) and the short transmission range mandated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), individual communication links come into existence and vanish unpredictably, making the task of establishing and maintaining routing paths between fast-moving vehicles very challenging. The main contribution of this work is to investigate the probability distribution of the lifetime of individual links in a VANET under the combined assumptions of a realistic radio transmission model and a realistic probability distribution model of intervehicle headway distance. Our analytical results were validated and confirmed by extensive simulation.
Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:12 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2011