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A cost-effective architecture for 8×8 two-dimensional DCT/IDCT using direct method

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5 Author(s)
Yung-Pin Lee ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Thou-Ho Chen ; Liang-Gee Chen ; Mei-Juan Chen
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Among the various transform techniques for image compression, the discrete cosine transform (DCT) is the most popular and effective one in practical image and video coding applications, such as high-definition television (HDTV). We develop a novel 8×8 two-dimensional (2-D) discrete cosine transform/inverse discrete cosine transform (DCT/IDCT) architecture based on the direct 2-D approach and the rotation technique. The computational complexity is reduced by taking advantage of the special attribute of a complex number. Both the parallel and the folded architectures are proposed. Unlike other approaches, the proposed architecture is regular and economically allowable for VLSI implementation. Compared to the row-column method, less internal wordlength is needed in order to meet the error requirement of IDCT, and the throughput of the proposed architecture can achieve two times that of the row-column method with 30% hardware increased

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 3 )