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Acoustic velocity inhomogeneities in tissue result in aberration of ultrasound images. These aberrations can be modeled as a near field thin phase screen or as a distributed aberrator. The effect of a near field thin phase screen is to time shift the received echo at each element, while distributed aberrators result in both pulse distortions and time shifts from element to element. Most current techniques for the correction of distributed aberrators are limited to application on point targets. A new technique is proposed which uses multiple transmits from spatially shifted transmit apertures (the translating transmit aperture algorithm), in conjunction with phase conjugate filters, to correct for distributed aberrations in the presence of speckle targets. The performance of the translating transmit aperture algorithm in improving the correlation between signals received by elements of different spatial separations is measured, and factors affecting the performance of this technique are investigated in simulation and experiment.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:44 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Jan. 1997