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Multiple templates access of trees in parallel memory systems

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3 Author(s)
Auletta, V. ; Dipartimento di Inf. ed Applicazioni, Salerno Univ., Italy ; De Vivo, A. ; Scarano, V.

Studies the problem of mapping the N nodes of a data structure onto M memory modules so that they can be accessed in parallel by templates, i.e. distinct sets of nodes. In the literature, several algorithms are available for arrays (accessed by rows, columns, diagonals and subarrays) and trees (accessed by subtrees, root-to-leaf paths, etc.). Although some mapping algorithms for arrays allow conflict-free access to several templates at once (e.g. rows and columns), no mapping algorithm is known for efficiently accessing both subtree and root-to-leaf path templates in complete binary trees. We prove that any mapping algorithm that is conflict-free for one of these two templates has Ω(M/log M) conflicts on the other. Therefore, no mapping algorithm can be found that is conflict-free on both templates. We give an algorithm for mapping complete binary trees with N=2M -1 nodes on M memory modules in such a way that: (a) the number of conflicts for accessing a subtree template or a root-to-leaf path template is O[√(M/logM)], (b) the load (i.e. the ratio between the maximum and minimum number of data items mapped on each module) is 1+o(1), and (c) the time complexity for retrieving the module where a given data item is stored is O(1) if a preprocessing phase of space and time complexity O(log N) is executed, or O(log log N) if no preprocessing is allowed

Published in:

Parallel Processing Symposium, 1997. Proceedings., 11th International

Date of Conference:

1-5 Apr 1997