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A Kalman filter based digital percentage differential and ground fault relay for a 3-phase power transformer

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2 Author(s)
Y. V. V. S. Murty ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., New Brunswick Univ., Fredericton, NB, Canada ; W. J. Smolinski

The design and real-time implementation of a Kalman-filter-based digital percentage differential and a ground-fault protection scheme for three-phase power transformers are presented. A set of eleven-state Kalman filters is used to estimate the fundamental and up to fifth harmonic components of the transformer current signals. The protective relay is equipped with an even harmonic restraint during magnetizing inrush conditions and a fifth harmonic restraint during overexcitation conditions. The restraint during external faults is provided by means of a percentage differential characteristic. The relay operates in half a cycle during internal faults. In order to achieve sensitive ground-fault protection, separate primary and secondary ground-fault protection are provided. The relay algorithm is implemented on a single TMS320 digital signal processor and tested in real time using a three-phase laboratory power transformer

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 3 )