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Integration of Circular Polarized Array and LNA in LTCC as a 60-GHz Active Receiving Antenna

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6 Author(s)
Mei Sun ; Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore ; Ya-Qiong Zhang ; Yong-Xin Guo ; Muhammad Faeyz Karim
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A compact 60-GHz active receiving antenna array is designed and fabricated using low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) technology. It integrates a 4 × 4 circularly polarized (CP) patch array and a 21-dB low noise amplifier (LNA) into the same package substrate. By applying a stripline sequential rotation feeding scheme the CP array exhibits a wide impedance bandwidth (SWR <; 2) and 3-dB axial ratio bandwidth, both over 8 GHz, as well as a beam-shaped pattern with a 3-dB beam width of 20° and a peak gain of 16.8 dBi. By applying a bond wire compensation scheme and low-loss transition optimization, the LNA is successfully integrated into the package. The final fabricated prototype measures only 13 × 20 × 1.4 mm3, demonstrates the good integration performance as well as the CP polarization characteristics in measurement, and is estimated to have a peak overall gain of at least 35 dBi.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 8 )