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A 1-V 2.4/4.8-GHz 4.59 mW Quadrature Voltage Controlled Oscillator (QVCO) has been designed in 0.18 μm CMOS technology. All-pMOS VCO followed by static frequency divider using source degeneration based D flip-flops is proposed. An accurate small signal analysis model of proposed D flip-flops is provided to estimate the maximum operating frequency of the divider. The advantages of proposed QVCO are analyzed in terms of phase noise and suppress the higher order (≥3) harmonics through linearization. The best overall performance is displayed by the inversion mode pMOS varactor. The proposed QVCO is tuned from 2.4 to 2.5 GHz with a tuning voltage varying from 0 to 1 V, additional 80 MHz increased by switched capacitor array (SCA). Compared to the conventional QVCO, the proposed QVCO shows good 1/f3 close-in phase noise. The simulated results shows about 6.0 dB, 8.0 dB, 6.0 dB and 0 dB of phase noise improvement at 10 kHz, 100 kHz, 1 MHz and 3 MHz offset from a 2.4 GHz carrier frequency. The input sensitivity of the divider is simulated from 50 mV to 510 mV to achieve the operating frequency varies from 3.0 GHz to 6.2 GHz at 1-V supply.
Students' Technology Symposium (TechSym), 2011 IEEE
Date of Conference: 14-16 Jan. 2011