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Beam expanding fiber using thermal diffusion of the dopant

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3 Author(s)
Shiraishi, K. ; Res. Inst. of Electr. Commun., Tohoku Univ., Sendai, Japan ; Aizawa, Yoshizo ; Kawakami, Shojiro

A beam-expanding fiber (BEF) for embedding optical devices has been fabricated by utilizing thermally induced Ge diffusion in silica single-mode fibers (SMFs). The preparation of fiber samples and their heat treatment is described, and the effect of heat on Ge dopant distribution and diffusion is discussed. Modal-intensity distributions were studied and found to confirm the broadening of the modal field distribution after heat treatment of the fiber. Localized heat treatment to obtain BEFs is considered, and device characteristics are discussed. The BEF can arbitrarily change the spot size of a propagating mode without changing the normalized frequency

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 8 )