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New Advances of the Extended Minimum Cost Flow Phase Unwrapping Algorithm for SBAS-DInSAR Analysis at Full Spatial Resolution

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4 Author(s)
Pepe, A. ; Ist. per il Rilevamento Elettromagnetico dell'Ambiente, Italian Nat. Res. Council (CNR), Naples, Italy ; Euillades, L.D. ; Manunta, M. ; Lanari, R.

We present an efficient space-time phase unwrapping (PhU) algorithm that allows us to process sequences of multitemporal full resolution differential synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferograms for the generation of deformation time-series. The core of the proposed technique, dealing with sparse data grids, is represented by the extended minimum cost flow (MCF) (EMCF) PhU algorithm that was originally developed for the analysis of sequences of multilook interferograms. In particular, our method relies on the joint analysis of the spatial and temporal relationships among a set of properly selected multitemporal differential interferograms, which are compatible with the Small BAseline subset (SBAS) deformation time-series technique. The key point of the approach is the idea to split the complex MCF network problem, representing the overall PhU operation, into that of simpler subnetworks. More precisely, we start by identifying and solving a primary network that involves a proper selection of coherent pixels of the computed interferograms, representing the backbone structure of the overall network. Subsequently, this result is applied for constraining the solution of the subnetworks connected to the primary one, involving the entire set of analyzed pixels. To achieve this task, we solve a constrained optimization problem based on the computation of a constrained Delaunay triangulation in the azimuth/range domain. The overall procedure is implemented through two successive processing steps that are both carried out by using the EMCF PhU technique, which has been slightly modified to take into account the Doppler centroid differences of the exploited interferometric SAR data pairs. The experimental results, achieved by applying the proposed approach to a data set consisting of European Remote Sensing (ERS) SAR data acquired from June 1992 to August 2007 over the Napoli (Italy) bay area, confirm the effectiveness of the proposed PhU approach.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 10 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 2011

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