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Notice of Retraction
After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.
We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper.
The presenting author of this paper has the option to appeal this decision by contacting TPII@ieee.org.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain KO9, isolated from petroleum-contaminated soil in Karamay oil filed (China) was used to produce biosurfactant. The biosurfactant could reduce surface tension to 28 mN/m and emulsified diesel up to E24 of 81% with a critical micelle concentration of approximately 85.82 mg/L. The dried biosurfactant was light yellow powder, and the yield was 1.0866 g/L. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum of extracted biosurfactant indicates the key component is glycolipid primarily consisting of lipid and carbohydrate. The crude biosurfactant showed comparable stability over a wide range of pH, temperatures and high salt concentrations, as compared to the two commercial surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). It has potential for use in a variety of biotechnological and industrial applications.