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Notice of Retraction
Quantification of Tetrandrine and Fangchinoline in Water Extract of Stephania tetrandra and Their Effects on Chlorella pyrenoidosa

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6 Author(s)
Minwei Chai ; Coll. of Life Sci., Nankai Univ., Tianjin, China ; Fuchen Shi ; Jiangli Nie ; Ruili Li
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Notice of Retraction

After careful and considered review of the content of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.

We hereby retract the content of this paper. Reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper.

The presenting author of this paper has the option to appeal this decision by contacting

The quantification of fangchinoline and tetrandrine in water extract of Stephania tetrandra and their effects on Chlorella pyrenoidosa were performed. The result showed that the fangchinoline content varied from 59.2-71.6 g kg-1 dry weight in water-extracted solution of Stephania tetrandra. The content of tetrandrine were between 40.7and 46.3 g kg-1 dry weight. Exogenously added fangchinoline and tetrandrine inhibited the growth of Chlorella pyrenoidosa respectively, with EC50,6d of 12.44 mg L-1 and 9.90 mg L-1 (6 days). The EC50,7d of Stephania tetrandra extract on Chlorella pyrenoidosa was 10.02 mg L-1 (7 days). Furthermore, the extract of Stephania tetrandra did not change pH, turbidity, electrical conductivity and chlorophyll a obviously, indicating that Stephania tetrandra, as a kind of algicides, did not remarkably impact the safety of aquatic ecosystem. Therefore, we concluded that Stephania tetrandra might be a potential effective method in control and mitigation of harmful algal bloom.

Published in:

Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, (iCBBE) 2011 5th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

10-12 May 2011