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Providing real-time traffic information in metropolises is desired since it can not only facilitate the traffic management but also save the time of travelers on road as well as the vehicle fuel consumption which is crucial in low-carbon society. However, to obtain the traffic information is extremely difficult due to the high cost of deploying a tremendously large number of sensors on every road segments or intersections. Recently, the ShanghaiGrid (SG) project presents an innovative cost-efficient way to address this issue by deploying traffic sensors on several thousands mobile taxies. Traffic condition information perception from these sensory data is very challenging because individual taxi reports are error-prone and sparse in terms of temporal and spatial distribution. In this paper, we use a data aggregation approach to overcome the aforementioned challenge, i.e., the ”error-prone” problem and ”sparse” problem. We first extensively study the characteristics of the measurement data from over 3000 operational taxies in Shanghai City. Utilizing the spatial correlation of traffic conditions, we propose a correlation based traffic estimation algorithm to successfully expand the coverage of taxi sensors. Our experimental result demonstrates the significance of the proposed algorithm by providing the traffic information at any time and any location in Shanghai City.
Date of Conference: 28-31 March 2011