Skip to Main Content
Energy harvesting wireless sensor networks (EH-WSNs) are gaining importance in smart homes, environmental monitoring, health care and transportation systems, since they enable much longer operation time as energy can be replenished through energy harvesting. This is unlike sensor nodes that use non-rechargeable batteries which need to be replaced once energy is depleted. However, the sporadic availability of ambient energy makes the design of networking protocols and predicting network performance very challenging. In this paper, we perform an empirical energy characterization of a time-slotted solar energy harvesting node with different system and environmental parameters. We use six different statistical models (uniform distribution, geometric distribution, transformed geometric distribution, Poisson distribution, transformed Poisson distribution and a Markovian model) to fit the empirical datasets. Our results show that there is no single statistical model that can fit all the datasets, thus justifying the need to use empirical data to validate the theoretical analysis of time-slotted MAC protocols for EH-WSNs.