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Overview of cluster-based routing protocols in wireless sensor networks

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3 Author(s)
Changjiang Jiang ; Key Lab. of Network Control & Intell. Instrum. of Minist. of Educ., Chongqing Univ. of Posts & Telecommun., Chongqing, China ; Min Xiang ; Weiren Shi

Owing to the limited resources of the sensor nodes, energy-efficient routing mechanism becomes one of the most important technologies in wireless sensor networks. As an active branch of routing technology, cluster-based routing protocols excel in network topology management, energy minimization, data aggregation and so on. In this paper, cluster-based routing mechanisms for wireless sensor networks are analyzed. Cluster head selection, cluster formation and data transmission are three key techniques in cluster-based routing protocols. As viewed from the three techniques, recent important cluster-based routing protocols and algorithms are presented. Meanwhile, several representative cluster-based routing protocols are introduced, and their characteristics and performances are compared. Finally, the future research issues in this are pointed out.

Published in:

Electric Information and Control Engineering (ICEICE), 2011 International Conference on

Date of Conference:

15-17 April 2011