By Topic

Er-doped integrated optical devices in LiNbO3

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

11 Author(s)
Baumann, I. ; Angewandte Phys., Univ. Gesamthochschule Paderborn, Germany ; Bosso, S. ; Brinkmann, R. ; Corsini, R.
more authors

The state-of-the-art of Er-doped integrated optical devices in LiNbO3 is reviewed starting with a brief discussion of the technology of Er-indiffusion. This technique yields high-quality waveguides and allows a selective surface doping necessary to develop optical circuits of higher complexity. Doped waveguides have been used as single- and double-pass optical amplifiers for the wavelength range 1530 nm<λ<1610 nm. If incorporated in conventional, lossy devices loss-compensating or even amplifying devices can be fabricated. Examples are an electrooptically scanned Ti:Er:LiNbO3 waveguide resonator used as an optical spectrum analyzer and an acoustooptically tunable filter used as a tunable narrowband amplifier. Different types of Ti:Er:LiNbO3 waveguide lasers are presented. Among them are free running Fabry-Perot lasers for six different wavelengths with a continuous-wave (CW)-output power up to 63 mW. Tunable lasers could be demonstrated by the intracavity integration of an acoustooptical amplifying wavelength filter yielding a tuning range up to 31 nm. With intracavity electrooptic phase modulation modelocked laser operation has been obtained with pulse repetition frequencies up to 10 GHz; pulses of only a few ps width could be generated. With intracavity amplitude modulation Q-switched laser operation has been achieved leading to the emission of pulses of up to 2.4 W peak power (0.18 μJ) at 2 kHz repetition frequency. Distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) lasers of emission linewidth ⩽8 kHz have been developed using a dry-etched surface grating as one of the mirrors of the laser resonator. Finally, as an example for a monolithic integration of lasers and extracavity devices on the same substrate, a DBR-laser/modulator combination is presented

Published in:

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 2 )