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Maximum-Likelihood Classification of Digital Amplitude-Phase Modulated Signals in Flat Fading Non-Gaussian Channels

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2 Author(s)
Chavali, V.G. ; Bradley Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA ; da Silva, C.R.C.M.

In this paper, we propose an algorithm for the classification of digital amplitude-phase modulated signals in flat fading channels with non-Gaussian noise. The additive noise is modeled by a Gaussian mixture distribution, a well-known model of man-made and natural noise that appears in most radio channels. The classifier utilizes a variant of the expectation-maximization algorithm to estimate the channel and noise parameters without the aid of training symbols. With these estimates, the signal is classified using a hybrid likelihood ratio test. Results are presented which show that the proposed classifier's performance approaches that of the ideal classifier with perfect knowledge of the channel state and noise distribution.

Published in:

Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 8 )