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A 240-frames/s 2.1-Mpixel CMOS Image Sensor With Column-Shared Cyclic ADCs

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9 Author(s)
Seunghyun Lim ; Samsung Electron., Yongin, South Korea ; Jimin Cheon ; Youngcheol Chae ; Wunki Jung
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This paper proposes a low-power 240 frames/s 2.1 M-pixel CMOS image sensor with column-shared cyclic (CY) ADCs. Two-column shared CY-ADC architecture and two-level stacked ADC placement are employed for low-power and small pixel pitch design. The proposed CY-ADC uses only one OTA and four capacitors. Distributed clocking scheme using cascaded repeaters is proposed to reduce the required peak current. The prototype sensor was fabricated in a 0.13- μm 1P4M process with pixel pitch of 2.25 μm . The designed 10-bit ADC dissipates only 90 μW/channel with 1.5 V supply. The measured DNL and INL are +0.59/-0.83 LSB and +2.8/-3.6 LSB, respectively. The measured maximum pixel rate is 500 Mpixels/s with total power consumption of 300 mW.

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Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 9 )