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All Digital Linear Voltage Regulator for Super- to Near-Threshold Operation

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2 Author(s)
Wei-Chih Hsieh ; Dept. of Electron. Eng. & Inst. of Electron., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Wei Hwang

In this paper, an all digital push-pull linear voltage regulator is proposed that consists of a digital error detector, a voltage divider, a mode indicator, a pull device, and grouped push devices. The digital regulator is suitable for super- to near-threshold region operation by providing a variable output voltage that ranges from 0.5 to 1 V in steps of 0.1 V. The maximum load current is 100 mA for every output level. The current efficiency is 99.8% with only 164.5 μ A quiescent current on UMC 65-nm standard CMOS technology. A response time constraint is developed to provide a design guideline for (all) the digital control system. It describes the correlation between required speed of the digital control system, the output performance and the size of the decoupling capacitor. A time interleaving control technique is then proposed to have a tradeoff between output performance, quiescent current, and the size of decoupling capacitor.

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Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 6 )