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We study how much energy can be saved by reshaping audio streaming traffic before receiving at the mobile devices. The rationale is the following: Mobile network interfaces (WLAN and 3G) are in active mode when they transmit or receive data, otherwise they are in idle/sleep mode. To save energy, minimum possible time should be spent in active mode and maximum in idle/sleep mode. It is well known that by reshaping the usually constant bit rate multimedia traffic into bursts, it is possible to spend more time in idle/sleep mode leading to impressive energy savings. We propose a proxy-based solution that shapes an audio stream into bursts before relaying the traffic to the mobile device. The novelty of our work is an evaluation of the energy savings using such a proxy with different configurations for both WLAN access with standard 802.11 Power Saving Mode and 3G access. We conclude that for WLAN access, proxy causes power savings of 30%-65% depending on the audio stream rate, location of the proxy and amount of cross traffic. In the case of 3G, the effectiveness of our proxy seems to vary depending on the phone model and operator. In some cases, the energy savings are encouraging, while in other cases the proxy turns out to be ineffective due to abnormal delay variation and TCP flow control behavior.
Date of Conference: 9-12 Jan. 2011