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Photonic Crystal Fiber Tip Sensor for High-Temperature Measurement

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5 Author(s)
Bryan Park ; Electrical Engineering Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA ; J. Provine ; Il Woong Jung ; Roger T. Howe
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We demonstrate a temperature sensor consisting of a 2-D, Silicon (Si), Photonic Crystal (PC) attached to the facet of a standard single-mode optical fiber. The 2-D PC sensors are fabricated on standard Si wafers, using a single mask and a combination of isotropic and anisotropic etching, and microassembled onto the facets of the optical fibers by Si-welding. The temperature of the Si-PC sensor is monitored by measuring its reflectance spectrum in the 1250 to 1650 nm wavelength range. The measured reflectivity peak shift is 0.11 nm°C in the 100°C to 700°C temperature range. The observed spectral shift and temperature sensitivity are significantly higher than high-temperature fiber Bragg grating sensors, and comparable to long-period fiber gratings sensors. The high sensitivity, combined with compactness and robust structure, give these sensors strong potential for use in harsh environments.

Published in:

IEEE Sensors Journal  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 11 )