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A novel design of a high-gain reconfigurable sectoral antenna using an active cylindrical frequency selective surface (FSS) structure is presented. The FSS structure consists of metallic discontinuous strips with PIN diodes in their discontinuities, and it is placed cylindrically around an omnidirectional electromagnetically coupled coaxial dipole (ECCD) array. The cylindrical FSS structure is divided into two semi-cylinders. By controlling the state of diodes in each semi-cylinder, a directive radiation pattern is obtained that can be swept in the entire azimuth plane. The effect of the diode-state configuration and the radius of the cylindrical structure are carefully studied to obtain an optimum sectoral radiation pattern. In addition, a solution for increasing the matching bandwidth of the antenna is also proposed. An experimental prototype was fabricated, and the measured results show a beamwidth of 20° in elevation and 70° in the azimuth plane at 2.1 GHz with a gain of 13 dBi. With these features, the proposed antenna is suitable for base-station applications in wireless communication systems.