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Integrated active mixing and biosensing using low frequency vibrating mixer and Love-wave sensor for real time detection of antibody binding event

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8 Author(s)
Kardous, F. ; FEMTO-ST, University de Franche-Comté, CNRS, ENSMM, UTBM F-25044 Besançon, France ; El Fissi, L. ; Friedt, J. ; Bastien, F.
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The development of lab-on-chip devices is expected to dramatically change biochemical analyses, allowing for a notable increase of processing quality and throughput, provided the induced chemical reactions are well controlled. In this work, we investigate the impact of local acoustic mixing to promote or accelerate such biochemical reactions, such as antibody grafting on activated surfaces. During microarray building, the spotting mode leads to low efficiency in the ligand grafting and heterogeneities which limits its performances. To improve the transfer rate, we induce a hydrodynamic flow in the spotted droplet to disrupt the steady state during antibody grafting. To prove that acoustic mixing increases the antibody transfer rate to the biochip surface, we have used a Love-wave sensor allowing for real-time monitoring of the biological reaction for different operating conditions (with or without mixing). An analysis of the impact of the proposed mixing on grafting kinetics is proposed and finally checked in the case of antibody-antigen combination.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:109 ,  Issue: 9 )