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In this paper, analytical techniques and fuzzy logic method are applied to the dynamic modeling and efficient swimming control of a robotic fish. The bioinspired robotic fish, which follows an exact replica of a live mackerel (Scomber scombrus), is modeled by treating the undulating body and flapping tail independently using analytical methods. Comparing the results of simulations and experiments shows the feasibility of the dynamic model. Using this model, we found that the harmonic control of the Strouhal number and caudal fin angle of attack is a principal mechanism through which the robotic fish can obtain high thrust efficiency while swimming. The fuzzy control method, which is based on the knowledge of the robotic fish's dynamic behavior, has successfully utilized this principal mechanism. By comparing the thrust performance of the robotic fish with different control methods via simulation, we established that the fuzzy controller was able to achieve faster acceleration and smaller steady-state error than what could be achieved from an open-loop and conventional proportional-integral-derivative controller. The thrust efficiency during steady state was superior to that with conventional control methods. We also found that, when using the fuzzy control method, robotic fish can always swim near a “universal” Strouhal number that approximates to the swimming of live fish.