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We derive a multipath model for sensing through walls using radars. The model considers propagation through a front wall and specular reflections at interior walls in an enclosed room under surveillance. The model is derived such that additional eigenrays can be easily accommodated. A synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system is considered, and stationary or slowly moving targets are assumed. The focused downrange and crossrange locations of multipath ghosts are established and validated using numerical, as well as experimental data. The multipath model permits an implementation of a multipath exploitation algorithm, which associates, as well as maps, each target ghost back to its corresponding true target location. In doing so, the proposed algorithm improves the radar system performance by aiding in ameliorating the false positives in the original SAR image, as well as increasing the signal-to-clutter ratio at the target locations, culminating in enhanced behind the wall target detection and localization.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:49 , Issue: 10 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2011