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An efficient algorithm for multi-domain clock skew scheduling

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6 Author(s)
Yanling Zhi ; Microelectron. Dept., Fudan Univ., Shanghai, China ; Wai-Shing Luk ; Hai Zhou ; Changhao Yan
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Conventional clock skew scheduling for sequential circuits can be formulated as a minimum cycle ratio (MCR) problem, and hence can be solved effectively by methods such as Howard's algorithm. However, its application is practically limited due to the difficulties in reliably implementing a large set of arbitrary dedicated clock delays for the flip-flops. Multi-domain clock skew scheduling was proposed to tackle this impracticality by constraining the total number of clock delays. Even though this problem can be formulated as a mixed integer linear programming (MILP), it is expensive to solve optimally in general. In this paper, we show that, under mild restrictions, the underlying domain assignment problem can be formulated as a special MILP that can be solved effectively using similar techniques for the MCR problem. In particular, we design a generalized Howard's algorithm for solving this problem efficiently. We also develop a critical-cycle-oriented refinement algorithm to further improve the results. The experimental results on ISCAS89 benchmarks show both the accuracy and efficiency of our algorithm. For example, only 4.3% of the tests have larger than 1% degradation (3% in the worst case), and all the tests finish in less than 0.7 seconds on a laptop with a 2.1GHz processor.

Published in:

Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE), 2011

Date of Conference:

14-18 March 2011