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This paper presents a reconfigurable architecture for coherent built-in self-testing (BIST) of high speed analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) with moderate resolutions. The proposed system is suited to be fully integrated with the ADC and, besides a low jitter clock reference, no other external high quality generators are required. The complete system comprises two synchronized phase-locked loops (PLLs), one based on a two-integrator oscillator capable of providing low distortion outputs and another based on a relaxation oscillator providing low jitter squared output, to allow coherent sampling. A detailed description of the building blocks of both PLLs is given as well as the techniques used to minimize area of the loop filters (LFs), to stabilize the output amplitude of the two-integrator oscillator to a known value, and to improve the total harmonic distortion (THD) of this oscillator. Post-layout simulations, in a 0.13 μm CMOS technology, of the proposed BIST scheme applied to a case-study 6-bit 1 GS/s ADC are shown and validate the proposed test methodology.