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Enhancement of Light Output Power of GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes by a Reflective Current Blocking Layer

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3 Author(s)
Kao, C.C. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan, Taiwan ; Su, Y.K. ; Lin, C.L.

In this study, a GaN-based light-emitting diode (LED) with a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) current blocking layer (CBL) beneath the p-pad electrode is demonstrated. A high reflectivity DBR structure is composed of five periods SiO2 and TiO2 layers. At a driving current of 20 mA, the light output power of the LEDs with DBR CBL was 16.8% and 11.3% higher than the LEDs without and with SiO2 CBL. The improvement is contributed to the DBR CBL can deflect the current away from the p-electrode pad and also prevent the light absorption by the opaque metal electrode. It was found that LEDs with DBR CBL shows better current spreading and broader far-field pattern.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 14 )