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Fixed-tuned submillimeter wavelength waveguide mixers using planar Schottky-barrier diodes

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7 Author(s)
Hesler, J.L. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Virginia Univ., Charlottesville, VA, USA ; Hall, W.R. ; Crowe, T.W. ; Weikle, R.M.
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The design, construction, and evaluation of fixed-tuned submillimeter wavelength waveguide mixers using planar Schottky diodes are presented in this paper. Electromagnetic fields within the planar diode package were analyzed using the finite-element method (FEM). Mixers using the University of Virginia SCIT5 planar diode were designed at both 585 and 690 GHz. A double sideband (DSB) system noise temperature of 2380 K was measured at 585 GHz using 1.16 mW of local oscillator (LO) power, and a system noise temperature of 2970 K DSB was measured at 690 GHz using 1.04 mW of LO power. In addition, the 585 GHz mixer was cooled to both 77 K and 4.2 K, with measured system noise temperatures of 1240 and 880-K DSB using LO powers of 0.47 and 0.14 mW, respectively. The modeling techniques were found to predict the measured conversion loss to within 1 dB. The performance of planar diode mixers is now within a factor of 1.5 of the best whisker-contacted Schottky diode mixers in this frequency range

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 5 )