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Complexity Reduced Face Detection Using Probability-Based Face Mask Prefiltering and Pixel-Based Hierarchical-Feature Adaboosting

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5 Author(s)
Guo, J.-M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Taipei, Taiwan ; Chen-Chi Lin ; Min-Feng Wu ; Che-Hao Chang
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The Adaboosting has attracted attention for its efficient face-detection performance. However, in the training process, the large number of possible Haar-like features in a standard sub-window becomes time consuming, which makes specific environment feature adaptation extremely difficult. This letter presents a two-stage hybrid face detection scheme using Probability-based Face Mask Pre-Filtering (PFMPF) and the Pixel-Based Hierarchical-Feature Adaboosting (PBHFA) method to effectively solve the above-mentioned problems in cascade Ad aboosting. The two stages both provide far less training time than that of the cascade Adaboosting and thus reduce the computation complexity in face-detection tasks. In particular, the proposed PFMPF can effectively filter out more than 85% nonface in an image and the remaining few face candidates are then secondly filtered with a single PBHF Adaboost strong classifier. Given a M × N sub-window, the number of possible PBH features is simplified down to a level less than M × N, which significantly reduces the length of the training period by a factor of 1500. Moreover, when the two-stage hybrid face detection scheme are employed for practical face-detection tasks, the complexity is still lower than that of the integral-image based approach in the traditional Adaboosting method. Experimental results obtained using the gray feret database show that the proposed two-stage hybrid face detection scheme is significantly more effective than Haar-like features.

Published in:

Signal Processing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 8 )
Biometrics Compendium, IEEE