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Gate-recessed AlGaN/AlN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor heterostructure high-mobility transistors (MOS-HEMTs) on SiC substrate are fabricated. The device with a gate length of 0.6 μm and a gate periphery of 100 μm exhibits a maximum dc drain current density of 1.59 A/mm at VGS = 3 V with an extrinsic transconductance (gm) of 374 mS/mm. An extrinsic current gain cutoff frequency (fT) of 19 GHz and a maximum oscillation frequency (fmax) of 50 GHz are deduced from S-parameter measurements. The output power density is 13 W/mm, and the associated power-added efficiency is 73% at 4-GHz frequency and 45-V drain bias. The power performance is comparable to state-of-the art AlGaN/GaN HEMTs, which demonstrates the great potential of gate-recessed MOS-HEMTs as a very promising alternative to GaN HEMTs.