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Coset graphs for low-density parity check codes: performance on the binary erasure channel

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2 Author(s)
Lauri, J. ; Dept. of Math., Univ. of Malta, Malta ; Tjhai, C.J.

The authors show that a popular way of constructing quasi-cyclic low-density parity check (LDPC) codes is a special case of a construction which is common in graph theory and group theory. It is shown that a generalisation of this construction as coset graphs produces (dv, dc)-regular LDPC codes that have an advantage in terms of the minimum stopping set size compared to quasi-cyclic LDPC codes. A (dv, dc)-regular quasi-cyclic LDPC code cannot have minimum stopping set size larger than (dv+1)!. However, by using coset graphs, a (3, 5)-regular LDPC code with minimum stopping set size of 28 and a (3, 4)-regular LDPC code with minimum stopping set size larger than 32 have been obtained. In addition, the idea of coset graphs also provides a compact algebraic way of describing bipartite graph and the associated parity-check matrix of an LDPC code. Simulation results of iterative decoding of the coset graphs LDPC codes over the binary erasure channel show that some of the codes converge well and based on the truncated stopping set distributions of the codes, which are exhaustively and efficiently enumerated, the error-floor of the codes at low probability of erasure is estimated.

Published in:

Communications, IET  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 5 )