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Dielectric and electromechanical properties of rare earth calcium oxyborate piezoelectric crystals at high temperatures

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7 Author(s)
Fapeng Yu ; State Key Lab. of Crystal Mater., Shandong Univ., Jinan, China ; Shujun Zhang ; Xian Zhao ; Duorong Yuan
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The electrical resistivity, dielectric, and electromechanical properties of ReCa4O(BO3)3 (ReCOB; Re = Er, Y, Gd, Sm, Nd, Pr, and La) piezoelectric crystals were investigated as a function of temperature up to 1000°C. Of the studied crystals, ErCOB and YCOB were found to possess extremely high resistivity (p): p >; 3 × 107 ω.cm at 1000°C. The property variation in ReCOB crystals is discussed with respect to their disordered structure. The highest electromechanical coupling factor κ26 and piezoelectric coefficient d26 at 1000°C, were achieved in PrCOB crystals, with values being on the order of 24.7% and 13.1 pC/N, respectively. The high thermal stability of the electromechanical properties, with variation less than 25%, together with the low dielectric loss (<;46%) and high mechanical quality factor (>;1500) at elevated temperatures of 1000°C, make ErCOB, YCOB, and GdCOB crystals promising for ultrahigh temperature electromechanical applications.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 4 )