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We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of controlling the fluorescence emission of nitrogen molecules in air induced by femtosecond laser filamentation by using a pump-probe method. An obvious enhancement or reduction in the filament-induced fluorescence signals of nitrogen molecules can be realized when a blue (400 nm) or an infrared (1338 nm) laser pulse is used as the probe. The completely opposite effect is ascribed to the excitation enhancement of ionization and population trapping of some highly excited states including Rydberg states of nitrogen molecules.