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Composite Generation and Transmission Expansion Planning Considering the Impact of Wind Power Penetration

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3 Author(s)
Saboori, H. ; Center of Excellence for Power Syst. Autom. & Oper., Iran Univ. of Sci. & Technol. (IUST), Tehran, Iran ; Mohammadi, M. ; Taghe, R.

With the growing concern regarding climate change, the integration of renewable electric technologies into the grid has taken on increased importance over the past decade. In particular, the integration of wind energy is increasing the attention paid to power transmission investment planning, generation adequacy, and secure system operation. This attention calls for the development of new tools that can simultaneously address the economics, transmission, ancillary services, and reserve requirements associated with wind energy. This paper proposes a method to choose the optimal plan for expanding both transmission and generation systems while considering resource variability of wind energy. Considered wind plants are connected to a storage system comprising an electrolyzer, a hydrogen tank, and a fuel cell. The method minimizes total cost, i.e., the sum of the construction cost and the operation cost, to fulfill expected load. Due to the nature of transmission expansion planning and the economies of scale associated with conventional power plants, finding the expansion plan is an integer programming problem solved by a branch and bound method. The proposed method is tested by applying it to modified Garver 6-bus test system and 24-bus IEEE Reliability Test System.

Published in:

Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), 2011 Asia-Pacific

Date of Conference:

25-28 March 2011