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Bayesian Spatiotemporal Multitask Learning for Radar HRRP Target Recognition

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6 Author(s)
Lan Du ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durcham, NC, USA ; Penghui Wang ; Hongwei Liu ; Mian Pan
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A Bayesian dynamic model based on multitask learning (MTL) is developed for radar automatic target recognition (RATR) using high-resolution range profile (HRRP). The aspect-dependent HRRP sequence is modeled using a truncated stick-breaking hidden Markov model (TSB-HMM) with time-evolving transition probabilities, in which the spatial structure across range cells is described by the hidden Markov structure and the temporal dependence between HRRP samples is described by the time evolution of the transition probabilities. This framework imposes the belief that temporally proximate HRRPs are more likely to be drawn from similar HMMs, while also allowing for possible distant repetition or “innovation”. In addition, as formulated the stick-breaking prior and MTL mechanism are employed to infer the number of hidden states in an HMM and learn the target-dependent states collectively for all targets. The form of the proposed hierarchical model allows efficient variational Bayesian (VB) inference, of interest for large-scale problems. To validate the formulation, example results are presented for an illustrative synthesized dataset and our main application-RATR, for which we consider the measured HRRP data. For the latter, we also make comparisons to the model with the independent state-transition statistics and some other existing statistical models for radar HRRP data.

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IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 7 )