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Sparse signal representation (SSR) is considered to be an appealing alternative to classical beamforming for direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation. For wideband signals, the SSR-based approach constructs steering matrices, referred to as dictionaries in this paper, corresponding to different frequency components of the target signal. However, the SSR-based approach is subject to ambiguity resulting from not only spatial aliasing, just like in classical beamforming, but also from the over-completeness of the dictionary, which is typical to SSR. We show that the ambiguity caused by the over-completeness of the dictionary can be alleviated by using multiple measurement vectors. In addition, by considering the uniform linear array (ULA) structure, we argue that if the target signal contains at least two frequencies, whose absolute difference phrased in wavelengths is larger than twice the array spacing, the spatial aliasing corresponding to these frequencies will be completely distinct. These properties enable us to adapt the existing ℓ1 algorithms to extract the target DOAs without ambiguity.
Date of Publication: July 2011