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In this paper, a multi-stream paradigm is proposed to improve the performance of automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems. Our goal in this paper is to improve the performance of the HMM-based ASR systems by exploiting some features that characterize speech sounds based on the auditory system and one based on the Fourier power spectrum. It was found that combining the classical MFCCs with some auditory-based acoustic distinctive cues and the main peaks of the spectrum of a speech signal using a multi-stream paradigm leads to an improvement in the recognition performance. The Hidden Markov Model Toolkit (HTK) was used throughout our experiments to test the use of the new multi-stream feature vector. A series of experiments on speaker-independent continuous-speech recognition have been carried out using a subset of the large read-speech corpus TIMIT. Using such multi-stream paradigm, N-mixture mono-/tri-phone models and a bigram language model, we found that the word error rate was decreased by about 4.01%.