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Tunable High-Q N-Path Band-Pass Filters: Modeling and Verification

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4 Author(s)
Ghaffari, A. ; IC Design Group, Univ. of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands ; Klumperink, E.A.M. ; Soer, M.C.M. ; Nauta, B.

A differential single-port switched-RC N-path filter with band-pass characteristic is proposed. The switching frequency defines the center frequency, while the RC-time and duty cycle of the clock define the bandwidth. This allows for high-Q highly tunable filters which can for instance be useful for cognitive radio. Using a linear periodically time-variant (LPTV) model, exact expressions for the filter transfer function are derived. The behavior of the circuit including non-idealities such as maximum rejection, spectral aliasing, noise and effects due to mismatch in the paths is modeled and verified via measurements. A simple RLC equivalent circuit is provided, modeling bandwidth, quality factor and insertion loss of the filter. A 4-path architecture is realized in 65 nm CMOS. An off-chip transformer acts as a balun, improves filter-Q and realizes impedance matching. The differential architecture reduces clock-leakage and suppresses selectivity around even harmonics of the clock. The filter has a constant -3 dB bandwidth of 35 MHz and can be tuned from 100 MHz up to 1 GHz. Over the whole band, IIP3 is better than 14 dBm, P1dB=2 dBm and the noise figure is 3-5 dB, while the power dissipation increases from 2 mW to 16 mW (only clocking power).

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

May 2011

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