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Training and Voids in Receive Antenna Subset Selection in Time-Varying Channels

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3 Author(s)
Kristem, V. ; Broadcom Corp., Bangalore, India ; Mehta, N.B. ; Molisch, A.F.

Receive antenna selection (AS) provides many benefits of multiple-antenna systems at drastically reduced hardware costs. In it, the receiver connects a dynamically selected subset of N available antennas to the L available RF chains. Due to the nature of AS, the channel estimates at different antennas, which are required to determine the best subset for data reception, are obtained from different transmissions of the pilot sequence. Consequently, they are outdated by different amounts in a time varying channel. We show that a linear weighting of the estimates is necessary and optimum for the subset selection process, where the weights are related to the temporal correlation of the channel variations. When L is not an integer divisor of N, we highlight a new issue of "training voids", in which the last pilot transmission is not fully exploited by the receiver. We then present new "void filling" methods that exploit these voids and greatly improve the performance of AS. The optimal subset selection rules with void filling, in which different antennas turn out to have different numbers of estimates, are also explicitly characterized. Closed form equations for the symbol error probability with and without void-filling are also developed.

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2011

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