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High-temperature superconducting (HTS) cables are considered the next generation transmission line because they are compact, lightweight, and demonstrate large capacity and low loss compared to conventional cables. In particular, since a coated conductor (YBCO wire) provides high critical current, high magnetic-field property, low AC loss, and low cost, it is expected to make the HTS cable more attractive than other superconducting wire. In Japan, 66/77 kV HTS cables have developed for about 20 years. We started developing 275 kV class HTS cables three years ago based on 66/77 kV HTS cables. The goal is a 275 kV 3 kA cable with a capacity of 1.5 GVA, the same capacity as a typical overhead transmission line, which serves as the backbone of Japanese power networks. The following technical developments will be carried out: high current and low AC loss cable conductors and high voltage insulation and low dielectric loss cables. Regarding high current and low AC loss cable conductors, 3-kA cables have been fabricated, and AC losses have been measured. We found that using thin YBCO wire reduced AC losses in experiments.