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Analysis of wide-angle radar imaging

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4 Author(s)
Zhou, F. ; Key Lab. for Radar Signal Process., Xidian Univ., Xi'an, China ; Bai, X. ; Xing, M. ; Bao, Z.

In wideband radar imaging, it is necessary to increase the target observation angle, that is, the imaging time to obtain high azimuth resolution. For wide-angle targets, however, migration through resolution cell will occur and the Doppler information of the scatterers will be time varying, which can lead to image defocusing in both the range and azimuth domain if the range-Doppler (RD) method is applied. Aimed at this problem, this study builds up the imaging model for steadily moving targets with a constant rotation axis. Then it compares the RD algorithm, the Keystone algorithm and the polar format algorithm with theoretical analysis and deduces the maximum observation angles that fit for these methods, respectively. Additionally, this study proposes a new algorithm for imaging of targets with large observation angles based on the complex inverse Radon transform. Instead of applying the Taylor-s series approximation, this method strictly follows the signal model for scatterers with a wide observation angle and utilises curvilinear integral with phase information for image formation. Therefore it is valid in wide-angle scenarios. Finally, imaging results for both the simulated and measured data are given to analyse the performance of the available algorithms and to prove the validity of the proposed algorithm.

Published in:

Radar, Sonar & Navigation, IET  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )