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Application of clutter reduction techniques for detection of metallic and low dielectric target behind the brick wall by stepped frequency continuous wave radar in ultra-wideband range

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3 Author(s)
Gaikwad, A.N. ; Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol., Roorkee, India ; Singh, D. ; Nigam, M.J.

A study of clutter reduction techniques for detection of metallic and non-metallic (low dielectric constant) targets behind a brick wall with the help of ultra-wideband (UWB) through wall imaging system is presented. It is known that sometimes the clutter level is comparable to the level of target reflection that makes it difficult to detect the target correctly. Detection of low dielectric constant materials becomes more difficult due to low reflection from such targets. Therefore there is a need to analyse various clutter removal techniques and check the performance of these techniques for enhancement of target signal-to-clutter ratio. For this purpose, an UWB stepped frequency wave radar is indigenously assembled with the use of vector network analyser, which works in the frequency range of 3.95-5.85-GHz. An experiment is carried out for detection of metal as well as Teflon (low dielectric constant) targets with the application of clutter reduction techniques. The authors have considered statistical-based techniques like singular value decomposition, principle component analysis, factor analysis and independent component analysis (ICA) for clutter removal. It is observed that the signal-to-clutter ratio for metal target detection is quite enhanced by all the four techniques, whereas only ICA is able to enhance the signal-to-clutter ratio for a low dielectric constant target like Teflon.

Published in:

Radar, Sonar & Navigation, IET  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )