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SF6 gas, an insulation medium used for gas insulated switchgear (GIS), has a high global warming potential, hence an effective alternative means is expected from the environmental perspective. As one of its potential alternatives, the authors are focusing on CO2 gas, which has relatively good insulation characteristics among gases with a low environmental impact (natural gases). To use this CO2 gas for actual GIS, the insulation characteristics for actual overvoltage waveforms generated in the field (known as nonstandard lightning impulse waveforms) must be obtained. The present study, with single-frequency oscillation waveforms as a representative basis, experimentally obtained the insulation characteristics by changing the polarity, frequency, and damping rate of the applied voltage in the non-uniform electric field represented by the presence of metallic particle in the equipment. As a result, the breakdown voltage was lower for the positive polarity under the non-uniform electric field. In this polarity, the breakdown voltage was 1.05 to 1.68 higher than that by standard lightning impulse waveforms even if the frequency and damping rate were changed. These results support the rationalization of insulation for actual surge waveforms under the quasi-uniform electric field.