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The lightning impulse withstand voltage for an oil-immersed power transformer is determined by the value of the lightning surge overvoltage generated at the transformer terminal. This overvoltage value has been conventionally obtained through lightning surge analysis using the electromagnetic transients program (EMTP), where the transformer is often simulated by a single lumped capacitance. However, since high frequency surge overvoltages ranging from several kHz to several MHz are generated in an actual system, a transformer circuit model capable of simulating the range up to this high frequency must be developed for further accurate analysis. In this paper, a high frequency circuit model for an oil-immersed transformer was developed and its validity was verified through comparison with the measurement results on the model winding actually produced. Consequently, it emerged that a high frequency model with three serially connected LC parallel circuits could adequately simulate the impedance characteristics of the winding up to a high frequency range of several MHz. Following lightning surge analysis for a 500 kV substation using this high frequency model, the peak value of the waveform was evaluated as lower than that simulated by conventional lumped capacitance even though the front rising was steeper. This phenomenon can be explained by the charging process of the capacitance circuit inside the transformer. Furthermore, the waveform analyzed by each model was converted into an equivalent standard lightning impulse waveform and the respective peak values were compared. As a result, the peak value obtained by the lumped capacitance simulation was evaluated as relatively higher under the present analysis conditions.
Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:18 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: April 2011